Página Principal arrow MUROS AND APPROACHES

From Cabo Ortegal to Gibraltar, Strait of Gibraltar,
north coast of Africa from Cap Spartel to Ceuta,
and Arquipélago dos Açores


Crown Copyright 2005


General information
Chart 1756

Ría de Muros, entered between Punta Carreiro (42°44′N 9°05′W) and Punta de Castro (31⁄2 miles SE), extends NE for 9 miles. The fishing port of Muros stands in a protected bay on the NW side of the inlet and those of O Son and Portosín on the SE side of the inlet. The town of Noia,which can be reached by small craft at HW, stands on the SE side of the head of the inlet and that of Freixo stands on the NW side.
The shores of the inlet, especially the NW, are much indented and many below-water dangers lie off them. The inlet is open SW and in gales the effect of the sea is felt beyond Isla Creba, 51⁄2 miles inside the entrance.Ensenada de Muros, spacious and deep, provides the only real shelter in such conditions.

A description of the approaches to Ría de Muros is given at 4.8.
The NW side of the inlet is backed by rugged mountains, the spurs from which form points projecting into the inlet. Monte Galera (42°48′N 9°05′W) is the heighest of several mountains, of generally similar elevation, which overlook the bays on the NW side of the inlet. The SE side, backed by Sierra de Barbanza (4.8), is less deeply indented and is of more uniform elevation.


Most sheltered anchorage is in Ensenada de Muros (4.48) and anchorage is also available in Ensenada de San Francisco (4.47).
Vessels carrying explosives can anchor on the line 
joining Isla Creba and Punta del Caballo Bajo (11⁄4 miles ENE).

Marine farms

Shellfish beds, as shown on the chart, are established:
On the W side of Ensenada de San Francisco (42°45′N 9°04′W).
On the N side of Ensenada de Muros (42°47′N 
In Ensenada de Esteiro (42°47′N 8°58′W).
NE of Isla Creba (42°47′N 8°58′W).
Vessels should avoid anchoring or touching bottom in these areas. For information on shellfish beds see 1.11.

Tidal streams

Tidal streams in Ría de Muros are in-going during the rising tide and out-going during the falling tide; though weak in both directions they may attain a rate of as much
as 2 kn in the narrows S of Freixo West winds retard the time of HW and the rise exceeds the normal height by about 0
6 m; E winds have the opposite effect.

Principal marks
Monte Louro (42°45′N 9°05′W), a rocky and barren hill rising at the NW entrance to Ría de Muros to form two peaks of which the S is the highest.
From a distance W the hill, which is separated from the high land to the N by a low neck of land, appears as an island.
Monte San Lois (42°46′N 8°55′W), at the head of the inlet, coloured dark by vegetation and with a more gradual slope than other mountains in Ría de Muros.
Monte Enja (42°42′N 8°59′W), high and conical; standing apart from Sierra de Barbanza which rises farther inland. The Finisterre Traffic Control Centre is situated on Monte Enja at an elevation of 541 m.
Pico La Curota (42°38′N 8°59′W), the highest and most prominent peak at the S end of Sierra de Barbanza.

Major lights:
Cabo Finisterre Light (42°53′N 9°16′W) (chart 3633)(3.174).
Punta Insua Light (42°46′N 9°08′W) (4.10).
Cabo Corrubedo Light (42°35′N 9°05′W) (4.10).

Other aids to navegation

Cabo Finisterre Light (42°53′N 9°16′W).
Cabo Corrubedo Light (42°35′N 9°05′W).
For details see Admiralty List of Radio Signals Volume 2.


Approach from north

Dangers in the approach.
Bajos de Los Meixidos (4.13), Ximiela and Bajos Los Bruyos (4.13) lie up to 4 miles offshore in the N approach to the inlet. Although passage inshore of these dangers is possible and is described at 4.40 passage to seaward is recommended.
Clearing marks:
The alignment (350°) of Centolo de Finisterre 
(42°53′5N 9°17′3W) (3.177), with Cabo de la Nave (2 miles NNW) (3.174), passes 2 miles W of Bajos de Los Meixidos.
By night the line of bearing, more than 357°, astern,of Cabo Finisterre Light (42°53′N 9°16′W), or the line of bearing, not more than 143°, of Cabo Corrubedo Light (42°35′N 9°05′W), passes 2 miles 
W of Bajos de Los Meixidos.
The alignment (076°) of the S slope of Monte Louro (42°45′N 9°05′W) (4.36), with the summit of Monte San Lois (8 miles ENE) (4.36), passes S of Ximiela and Bajos Los Bruyos.
By night Monte Louro Light (42°44′N 9°05′W) (4.43)when sighted, kept in view bearing 081° or less, passes S of Ximiela and Bajos Los Bruyos.
Canal de Los Meixidos. From a position about 
31⁄2 miles WNW of Punta Remedios (42°48′N 9°09′W)
(4.18) the track leads SE for about 8 miles through Canal de Los Meixidos, a channel about 1 mile wide and with a least depth of 14
7 m at its narrowest part, to the vicinity of Punta Carreiro, passing (with positions from Punta Remedios):
SW of Bajo Duyo and Duyo del NE (3 miles NW)
(4.21); thence:
SW of Albarús (2 miles NW), a shoal patch lying at the S end of a bank with depths of less than 20 m which extends 1 mile NNE/SSW; Chan, a shoaler patch lies at the N end of the bank. Thence:
SW of Las Miñarzos (1 mile W), a group of rocky islets lying off Punta Remedios, and Piedra Vello, a rocky patch lying 3 cables S of Las Miñarzos,thence:
SW of Cabezo de Figueroa (1 mile SW), the outermost of the dangers extending SW from Punta Remedios; and:
NE of Petones del NW and Cerro del Vapor (3 miles SW), the N dangers lying on Bajos de Los Meixidos (4.13); thence:
NE of La Roncosa (3 miles SW), a rock which uncovers, the E danger lying on Bajos de Los Meixidos; thence:
SW of Sinal de Insua (21⁄4 miles SSE), a rock awash lying at the extremity of foul ground extending up to 5 cables SW from Punta Insua Lighthouse (4.10); and:
NE of Mean (3 miles S), a shoal which breaks;
Between Punta Lens (3 miles SE), a high and rocky point fringed by Maixediates, a reef extending 3 cables SW and S from it, and Bajos Los Bruyos (4 miles S) (4.13). Carballosa del N and Carballosa del S, a pair of shoals which break, lie 5 cables SE
of Bajos Los Bruyos. In heavy weather breakers extend across the channel to Punta Lens. Thence:
SW of Pedra do Con (41⁄2 miles SE), a large rounded rock lying on a reef extending 21⁄2 cables SW from Punta Carreiro a high and cliffy point. Congreira, a rock with a least depth of 1
6 m over it, lies at the S extremity of the reef. Thence:
SW of Islotes de Neixón (5 miles SE) (4.43), lying at the N entrance to Ría de Muros.

Approach from south

Dangers in the approach
. Bajos Las Basoñas (42°38′N 9°05′W) and Bajos de la Baya (4 miles NNE) lie up to 21⁄2 miles offshore in the S approach to the inlet. In good
weather conditions small vessels making for Ría de Muros from Cabo Corrubedo can pass inside these dangers 
through Canal de Las Basoñas (4.42).
By day from the vicinity of 42°35′N 9°10′W the line of bearing 023° of Monte Louro Lighthouse (42°44′N 9°05′W)(4.43) leads NNE to the entrance passing (with positions
from Punta Río Sieira (42°39′3N 9°02′4W)):
WNW of El Rocín (51⁄2 miles SSW), a bank which breaks occasionally in heavy weather; thence:
WNW of El Guincheiro, a rock which does not cover,and La Roncadoira, a rock which dries, and Cabo Froix, a below-water rock, the W dangers on Bajos Las Basoñas (21⁄2 miles SW), an extensive group of rocks on the E side of which stands La Basoña
Grande, a rock visible at all states of the tide; thence:
Clear of Bajo Bustaján (31⁄2 miles W), a shoal which breaks over a wide area in heavy weather; thence:
WNW of Banco Ai dof Moyedor del SW and Moyedor del W, the outermost dangers lying on Bajos de la Baya (23⁄4 miles NNW), an extensive rocky bank which breaks.
Clearing marks. The line of bearing 038° of La Sagrada chapel (42°43′
6N 9°00′4W) (4.43), open NW of La Basoña Grande, passes W of El Rocín.
The alignment (059°) of Cerro Caveiro (42°44′4N 8°59′1W) (4.43), with the summit of Monte San Lois (33⁄4 miles NE) (4.36), passes close NW of Bajos de la Baya.
By night Monte Louro Light should be kept ahead bearing 023° until Cabo Finisterre Light bears 324° when course may be altered ENE into the entrance.
Canal de Las Basoñas
. From the vicinity of Cabo Corrubedo (42°35′N 9°05′W) (4.13) the track leads NNE for about 9 miles passing (with positions from Punta Río Sieira (42°39′
3N 9e Sieira (11⁄2 miles WNW); thence:
WNW of a 1
9 m patch lying 2 cables NW of Cabo Corrubedo; and:
ESE of El Rocín (51⁄2 miles SSW) (4.41); thence:
WNW of Bajos Teilans (4 miles SSW), two rocks awash, which lie 5 cables W of Punta Estallans,also known as Punta del Corgo, a rocky cliff, 75 m high, fringed by foul ground up to 2 cables W; thence:
WNW of Conles de Pena do Caldo, rocks awash, and Espiñeirido, a rock awash, which lie at the extremity of foul ground extending 5 cables N from Punta Estallans; and:
Clear of Treito de Mar (33⁄4 miles SSW), a shoal which breaks; thence:
WNW of Tremalleira, a shoal (21⁄2 miles SW), Piedra de Feltro (21⁄4 miles SSW), an above-water rock, and Bajo Borrón (2 miles SSW), a pair of rocky heads awash at LW. These dangers lie 7 cables WNW, 4 cables NW and 6 cables NNW respectively, of Punta Caraxaiñas, also known as 
Punta Outeiro Blanco (21⁄4 miles SSW), a point which rises to a sandy hillock 20 m high. The extensive beach of Playa de Areas Longas extends
11⁄2 miles NNE f rom close N of Punta Caraxaiñas as far as Punta Piedras Negras a low point strewn with large boulders. And:
ESE of La Basoña Grande (21⁄2 miles SW) (4.41).
Nuevo, a shoal which breaks in heavy weather lies 7 cables SSE of La Basoña Grande. And:
WNW of Punta Río Sieira, a low point. A river enters the sea at the N end of Playa de Sieira close S of the point. In good weather landing can be effected on the N side of the river mouth.
WNW of a reef with a depth of 2
6 m at its extremity, which extends 21⁄2 cables WNW from Punta Laxe (5 cables N), a point fringed by islets;thence:
WNW of Bajo Roncadora (11⁄4 miles N), a rock, the outermost danger of several, lying 3 cables NW of
Punta Covas; thence: ESE of Moyedor de Tierra (21⁄2 miles NNW), the SE
danger on Bajos de la Baya; thence:
WNW of Punta de Castro (21⁄2 miles N), the W extremity of a small, dark-coloured, precipitous rocky point, joined to the mainland by a narrow isthmus which almost covers at HW; Punta Focha Lighthouse (white tower and round dwelling, 5 m in height) stands 3 cables NE of the point. Area do Castro, a sandy beach, extends 4 cables S from the point. Borrón, a rock awash, lies on the E side of the fairway 2 cables NW of Punta de Castro. And:
ESE of El Con (23⁄4 miles N), an isolated rock, the E 
danger lying on Bajos de la Baya. Thence:
WNW of Punta Alexeiras (31⁄2 miles NNE), and Petón Alexeiras, a rock which covers and uncovers,2 cables NW.



Useful marks:
Punta Aguieira (42°45′N 8°58′W), a low sandy tongue of land terminating in an islet on which stands a factory building.
Punta Balcón de Pilatos (42°43′N 9°00′W), a remarkable mass of precipitous rocks.
From the vicinity of 42°42′N 9°06′W the track leads NE for about 8 miles to the head of the inlet, passing (with positions from Punta Caveiro (42°44′
5N 8°59′3W)):
NW of Moyedor del W (41⁄2 miles SW) and Laxe Seca, also known as Laxe del W (4 miles SW), a rock awash, the outermost dangers on Bajos de la Baya; and:
SE of Islotes de Neixón (4 miles WSW), a group of four above-water rocks lying on foul ground 4 cables SSW of Punta Queixal from where Monte Louro Light (6-sided granite tower and dwelling,7 m in height) is exhibited. Thence:
SE of Cabo Rebordiño (3 miles NW) from where a light (white 6-sided tower and white house, 8 m in height) is exhibited. Monte Atalaya Rebordiño, a rounded hill, rises steeply above the cape.
NW of Punta Sagrada (11⁄4 miles SW); La Sagrada, a 
prominent chapel, stands on Atalaya del Son, a hill 20 m high, above Punta Sagrada. Thence:
NW of El Xorexo (8 cables W), a shoal, the outermost danger of many lying between Punta Sagrada and Punta Caveiro. The dangers are covered by the green sector of Punta Caveiro Light between the bearings of 0581⁄2°–0991⁄2° (41°).
NW of Punta Caveiro, a rocky point rising to Cerro Caveiro, a group of three peaks. A light (grey truncated pyramidal tower, 4 m in height) is exhibited from the point. Patela, with a depth of 9 m over it, lies 5 cables NW of Punta Caveiro.
SE of Montulán and Montulo (11⁄2 miles NNE), the outermost of the shoals extending 71⁄2 cables S from the N shore. These shoals break in a SW swell and local knowledge is required to pass inside them. Thence:
SE of Isla de Creba (21⁄4 miles NE) a grass covered islet 27 m high; a reef, with a least depth of 2
9 m over its extremity, extends 1 cable S from the S side of the island, and a light-beacon (metal column, 3 m in height) stands on the reef.

Clearing marks
The alignment (050°) of Isla de Creba with Peña Jarpal (elevation 421 m) (63⁄4 miles NE) (not charted), a peak which is remarkable for a rock which appears to fall from its W side, passes NW of El Xorexo.
Useful marks:
Punta Aguieira (42°45′N 8°58′W), a low sandy tongue of land terminating in an islet on which stands a factory building.
Punta Balcón de Pilatos (42°43′N 9°00′W), a remarkable mass of precipitous rocks.

Anchorage and landing in the north approach

Playa de Louro


Temporary anchorage during NE winds may be obtained in depths of 15 m, sand, off Playa de Louro, an extensive beach lying between Punta Lens (42°45′N 9°07′W) (4.40)
and Punta Carreiro (11⁄2 miles SE) (4.40).
Landing is possible, sheltered from seas from NW, in Cala Ancoradoiro, a small cove situated on the E side of Punta Lens.


Ensenada de San Francisco

. Ensenada de San Francisco is entered 
between Punta Outeiriño (42°45′N 9°04′W) and Punta Bouja (1 mile NE), a low point rising to rocky cliffs. The W side of the bay rises steeply to Monte Louro (4.36) but the head of the bay comprises sandy beaches separated by low rocky points. Boats can go alongside stone piers,serving the fishing industry, on the beaches towards the W side of the bay.
Anchorage may be obtained in the middle of the bay, in a depth of more than 15 m, gravel, sheltered from winds between W and N. The bottom is rocky within 11⁄2 cables
of the shore.
Shellfish beds are laid in the SW side of the bay; see 

Ensenada de Muros

. Ensenada de Muros is entered between Cabo Rebordiño (42°46′N 9°03′W) (4.43) and Punta de San 
Antón (1 mile N) and gives particular shelter from between
SW and NW. Playa de la Virgen, which dries up to 4 cables offshore, lies at its head. The town of Muros stands on the SW shore on the lower slopes of Monte Oroso, a detached hill whose summit stands 1 mile W of Cabo Rebordiño. Shellfish beds, as shown on the chart, extend from about 1 mile ENE from 4 cables NE of the harbour of Muros into 
Ensenada de Bornalle (42°47′N 9°01W).
Tidal levels: Mean spring range about 30 m; mean neap range about 14 m. For further information see Admiralty

Directions. From the entrance to Ría de Muros and well clear SE of Islotes de Neixón (4.43) the approach and entry is clear of charted dangers at a distance of more than
21⁄2 cables from the salient points on the N shore of the inlet. If entering by night, when Cabo Rebordiño Light is sighted bearing 017°, course can be altered NNE in order
to round the lighthouse at a distance of about 4 cables.
Anchorage may be obtained anywhere in Ensenada de Muros clear of the shellfish beds mentioned above. The holding ground is good, and though the bay is open to SE winds, they raise little sea.

Puerto de Muros
. A seawall extends along the shore of the town of Muros from the S part of which a broad mole,105 m long, extends NNW; a light (red tower on white
base, 6 m in height) is exhibited from its head. A jetty, 220 m long, projects ENE and SE from the N extremity of the seawall to form a small basin; a light (green tower on
white building, 6 m in height) is exhibited from its head.
A breakwater, at the head of which a light (white round tower, 6 m in height) is exhibited, extends 250 m NNW from the E extremity of a quay extending E from the root
of the mole to form an outer basin having a least depth of 2
1 m. A new jetty (2003) 90 m wide, extends approximately 300 m E from the same position.
Supplies. Provisions and water available

This is one of a series of publications produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office which should be consulted by users of Admiralty Charts. The full list of such publications is as follows:
Notices to Mariners (Annual, permanent, temporary and preliminary), Chart 5011 (Symbols and abbreviations), The Mariner’s Handbook (especially Chapters 1 and 2 for important information on the use of UKHO products, their accuracy and limitations),
Sailing Directions (Pilots), List of Lights and Fog Signals, List of Radio Signals, Tide Tables and their digital equivalents.
All charts and publications should be kept up to date with the latest amendments.


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